Continuing professional development providers

In most countries CPD is not required by law, and is generally considered to be the responsibility of professional associations and/or individual health workers. Typically, medical associations and other professional organizations initiate, provide, and promote CPD. Other CPD providers may include for-profit health care companies, the pharmaceutical/medical technology industry, consumer organizations, academic institutions, nongovernmental organizations, ministries of health, district health offices, donor agencies, and for-profit CPD providers (WFME 2003; Muula et al. 2004).

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