What is occupational segregation? Occupational segregation is the concentration of women and men in different occupations, jobs, and tasks, or at different levels in an employment or job hierarchy. In most cases, it stems from gender stereotypes about health worker cadres and specialties that affects recruitment and deployment (and originally stems from how students enter and graduate from health professional training programs).
To learn more about advocating for gender equality for students and faculty in health professional education systems, see the Gender Equality and Health Workforce Development Advocacy Tool.
How does occupational segregation affect health workers? The concentration of female health workers in specific cadres or in lower-level, lower-paying jobs violates their right to pursue the same career opportunities that are available to male health workers and faculty.