The Knowledge library

Knowledge Library

Community-Based Education Programs in Africa: Faculty Experience within the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) Network

This article examines the various models, challenges, and evaluative efforts of community-based education programs at Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) schools and makes recommendations to strengthen those programs in the African context. Data were gathered from 12 MEPI schools. All schools reported a number of challenges in meeting the demands of increased student enrollment. Planned strategies used to tackle these challenges include motivating faculty, deploying students across expanded centers, and adopting innovations. Although the programs have similar goals, their strategies for achieving these goals vary. To identify approaches that successfully address the challenges, particularly with increasing enrollment, medical schools need to develop structured models and tools for evaluating the processes, outcomes, and impacts of community-based education programs. Such efforts should be accompanied by training faculty and embracing technology, improving curricula, and using global/regional networking opportunities. CapacityPlus’s Rebecca Bailey and Christopher Deery contributed to this article in the journal’s MEPI supplement issue.

Graduate Tracking Systems for the Medical Schools in Africa: Processes for Developing an Implementation Framework

Human resources for health are critical for effective health systems. In Africa, the number of doctors and nurses required to provide essential health services will be deficient by an estimated 800,000 in 2015. Numerous interventions have been implemented to mitigate these shortages; tracking graduates from African universities is critical to determine whether interventions are effective. Based on a community of practice theory, a Graduate Tracking Technical Working Group was established within the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) network. The group, with CapacityPlus, developed graduate tracking requirements for MEPI institutions and countries through a collaborative process. A framework was created to guide the establishment of graduate tracking systems consisting of seven core processes or elements: 1) general requirements; 2) locate graduates; 3) collect/update information; 4) search and view information; 5) create tracking survey tools; 6) manage tracking survey response data; and 7) generate reports. CapacityPlus’s Dykki Settle contributed to this article in the journal’s MEPI supplement issue.

Better Data, Stronger Health Workforce: The Open Source iHRIS Approach

An overview of the free open source iHRIS platform of health workforce information tools and software. The iHRIS software suite consists of five interoperable applications that allow health workforce leaders and managers to plan, develop, and manage a health workforce efficiently and effectively to meet national or institutional health objectives.

CapacityPlus hosted a knowledge-sharing and dissemination event at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, on May 6. The program showcased iHRIS, the leading open source software for tracking and managing data on the health workforce. Through a combination of presentations by USAID and CapacityPlus, interactive roundtable discussions, software demonstrations, and a moderated question-and-answer session, participants experienced each of the five iHRIS applications (Manage, Train, Qualify, Plan, Retain), learned about success stories resulting from countries using iHRIS, and discussed the power of open source approaches for maximizing local ownership, capacity-building, innovation, and partnership. Read the related news and access videos and presentations: Read more »

Recruitment of Community Health Workers

This chapter by CapacityPlus/IntraHealth International authors appears in MCHIP’s publication, Developing and Strengthening Community Health Worker Programs at Scale: A Reference Guide and Case Studies for Program Managers and Policymakers, which provides an in-depth review of issues and questions that should be considered when addressing key issues relevant for large-scale community health worker programs. Chapter 8 considers key questions, recommendations, and challenges for community health worker recruitment planning and implementation, including selection, resource availability, and retention.

Transitioning Health Care Worker Support: A Resource Framework from the PEPFAR Experience

To expand access to HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment services, the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has been partially or wholly supporting health workers in over 30 countries. To assist PEPFAR country teams to work with stakeholders and transition health worker support to country-owned entities, USAID and CapacityPlus conducted key informant interviews in countries where transition was underway. The interviews led to the development of the Health Care Worker Transition Framework and an interactive website that compiles key questions, case studies, lessons learned, tools, and resources to encourage PEPFAR country team engagement and discussions on transition. Recognizing that the transition process is complex and nonlinear, five interlinked components should be incorporated according to context: stakeholder engagement, strategic information, finance, policy, and human resources management. Presented at the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, Australia, on July 24, 2014, this poster summarizes the five elements of the framework along with key questions and sample resources.

Selected Health Workforce Tools from CapacityPlus

This overview compiles selected tools and resources for the global health workforce from CapacityPlus, and includes brief descriptions and links to online versions. A related overview presents tools and resources that are available in French.

Gender and Health Systems Strengthening

This free course on the Global Health eLearning Center is authored by CapacityPlus’s Constance Newman of IntraHealth International. The course is intended to assist USAID field-based health officers, foreign service nationals, and US government partners to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment in health systems strengthening efforts. By the end of the course, the learner will understand how health systems components interact with each other, how gender plays a role in each health systems component, and how to address these gender issues in health systems strengthening activities in order to improve health and social outcomes. CapacityPlus’s Crystal Ng and Ann Yang of IntraHealth International served as course managers along with Nandini Jayarajan and Lisa Mwaikambo of JHU∙CCP.

Introduction to Health Workforce Productivity

Given the global health worker crisis, there is a critical need to improve the productivity of the existing health workforce and maximize service delivery efficiencies to ensure quality family planning, reproductive health, HIV and AIDS, maternal and child health, and other services and further progress toward universal health coverage. This eLearning course explores the productivity of health workers at the facility level; it does not explore the productivity of an entire health system. Read more »

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